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Sunday, 15 July 2012

Origin & history of cultism in Nigerian Universities

Campus cults have contributed a major threat to academic program in our universities, and these cults encourage moral ruin, murder, terrorism, sexual harassment, rape, armed robbery, prostitution, etc.
The campus which is supposed to be a centre for knowlege acquisition has become a devil’s nest for cultic operations. Cultists have turned some campuses into something entirely different, instead of justice, there is survival of the fittest! Instead of peace, we find tales of horror and brutality instead of love. There are intimidation, tortures and murders. Morality seems to have gone to zero degrees, and academic pursuit which is supposed to be of primary importance has been relegated to secondary priority.
Naturally, the question people will tend to ask are what type of secret cult is unleashing terror of this kind in our campuses.


¤ What are the attractions of this cults that lure students into them?
¤ What are their mode of operation?
¤ And what can be done to check-mate their nefarious activities!

These cults are often saddled with different interests and conflicting ideas. These are some groups that are interested in maintaining the supremacy of the Capone and still there are others that are bent in undermining his power and such situations results to shooting and killings in the campus. The Capone’s power is often checked by the elders. If the Capone abuses his power, there is bound to be revolt by some of his officers and such things happen in campus where there might be coup against the Capone or mutiny in the rank and file of the soldiers.

The Capone survives his reign by using divide and rule tactics, where he uses one principal officer against another, and this can cause problem in the school.

The Capone has different officers manned by capable hands for the smooth running of his affairs. His powers are composite and are lodged in different offices; it is entirely difficult for the Capone to collect the annual dues from members. A Capone has the right to tax members and get tribute from them. He has corresponding obligations to dispense justice to them and to ensure their protection from rival cult groups. Supernatural control of events in the bedrock of cultism and this ritualistic attitude has always being associated to everything cultic!

The Mau-Mau cult of East and Central Africa is one of the oldest local cults in Africa. Their initiation is just like every other cults, but with some interesting differences just like every other cult. Oaths taken by Mau-Mau involves removal of shoes and shorts which is followed by the administration of oath of unity called Ndenwa Ihatu. They are often thoroughly to test their ability to absorb pain. This is followed by the passage of an Arch built by banana stems by intending initiates. The chief priest of this cult often hold the lung of a goat in his hand and as he circles the ground the heads of intending initiates are required to be facing the ground. He normally circles the different heads of this initiates seven times after which he gives the new members the same goat lung to have a bite. After this an oath is given as follow;

• I speak the truth and now before god, and this group, the movement of unity, the unity which is put to test, the unity which is mocked with the name Mau-Mau. That I shall go forward to fight for the land, and if I fail to do this, may this oath kill me, may this seven kill me, and may this meat kill me!

After this, the chief priest anoints the head of the new members with the blood saying that this is done to remind them of the fight ahead. After these, tiny marks of the Mau-Mau cults are scratched on the left wrist of members. The drops of blood from the wrists would drop into the meals in which is later eaten. The chief priest thus chants; "the act of eating this meat, with the blood of each one of you shows that you are now united one to the other and with us".
The oath gives cult members powers and strength and they have the belief of superiority above other non-cultist. The negative effect is that the cultists often regard their previous life as empty and new form life as fulfilling and the next thing is to trivialize their education. The invitation ceremony gives them feeling of being born again and opportunity for dangerous adventure.

The Zangbeto cult in Badagry Lagos is another cult that perform social and spiritual role. They help to maintain law and order, and in keeping the community clean. By using its symbol of banana leaves in areas it does not want refuse dumps, indigenes automatically stop littering the area. The activities of these cults have made it possible for Badagry to be relatively crime free at that period. The head of this cult is called Zanagan. He is the spiritual head. Secret cults in African societies are valuable as instrument of social control. There are other types like Ogboni, Oro, Egungun, Ekpe-Okpinon, Kamalu, Nfam, Eno-Orugbo, Oje, Gbara-Jike, Agemo, Awo-Opa, Igbe, Oghere-Uke and Ekpo.
The evil cult groups can be seen in the atrocities as they perpetrate in the campuses. Every cult group, be it local, foreign or in campuses is simply cultic and should be jettisoned from our socio-academic vicinity. Groups referred to as secret cult in campuses is often characterized by secret initiations, secret rituals, nocturnal meetings, horrifying and dreadful practices. These cults are often known for organizing and using individuals for revolutionary purposes, violent, social upheavals, and subversive conspiracies against constituted authorities and violation of the integrity of man (mental and physical tortures). They exact blind obedience from members and are geared towards their selfish ends, norms of academic environment and the normal life of a civilized society.

HISTORY OF DIFFERENT CULTS
There are many secret societies in our campuses. Campus cults are modification of the mother groups in the wider society like Ogboni, AMORC etc. The earliest form of these cults flourished in Egypt, Greece, Rome and China. These cults are there for purposes, like security of member by the performance of rituals. These campus cults differ in name but their activities are similar.

1. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SEA DOGS (Pirates Confraternity)
The association was founded in the University of Ibadan in 1956. They have equally deviated and the outcome is unpalatable for the non initiates called “Jew men”. The flag of skull and cross bones is the authoritative symbol of this group. The term Jolly Barger was used first in 1700, though “Barger” is used today for Viking members. The black background is the true representative, but red is often used even these days, especially when pirates intend to give no quarter. Their colour is white and red. They are particular greeting form. The pirate confraternity is the oldest campus cult in our universities. It was established in 60’s in our first generation universities. This is an offshoot of the pirate of England. The history of the pirates is that full of intriguing beginning. The pirates in old English society of the 18th century sail on high seas with their flag of skull and cross bones searching for buried treasures. They capture helpless crew and vent out of their ruthlessness on them by stealing their cargoes. Privacy was at a time the most common hazards on the sea. In 1718, the activities of this group and the pirates were check-mated by the British men of war. Pirates leaders were offered pardon if they would surrender their ships and gave up their attacks. Just like the way Federal Government is calling upon the various groups to rest their arms and stop their cynic lifestyle. It was in the 19th century that combines team of English and American army to get rid of the coastal areas free of pirates. In Nigeria, it has been easy so that the better part of the 21st century would be pure.
Their colour is yellow.

2. THE CONFRATERNITY (Mafia confraternity)
This was founded in the University of Ife in 1972. Their colour is green, and their symbol is a casket with two staffs aligned to it.

3.NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF AIR LORDS (Five Confraternity)
This was founded in the University of Ibadan. Their colour is blue, with a carved wooden sculpture as their symbol.

4. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ADVENTURES (The Vikings fraternity)
This was founded in the University of Portharcourt in 1982. Their colour is Black and Red. The Vikings are seafarers. The first Vikings raid was in the year A.D 787 when they used slim ships each with a single square sail and long oars to raid the south coast of England. They used various types of musical instruments like battle axe, edge sword to butcher their victims. Vikings is a Scandinavia cult, for 260 years the bold ruthless north men called Vikings penetrated all of England. They built cities in Ireland and gained a powerful province in France. They raided Spain, Italy and North Africa and established a kingdom in Russia. The north men who settled in Ireland founded a colony in Greenland and also discovered America. These north men are feared and hated as plunderer. In their home land they were honoured as sea adventures. When they left on voyages it was said that they went in Vikings. Experts think that the term may have come from the old Scandinavian word “Vik” meaning “bay or Greek”. The north men are scattered all over the world because of too many people and too little land. They often have good fighting tactics, and making peace with them is often difficult. The first democratic government since ancient Greece was established by two Viking brothers outlawed from Normandy because of murder, they are Leif Ericson. Eric the red was a murder too. Leif sailed to Greenland with 35 north men and reached a place they called Vinland. This is where we call America today. It was founded 500 years ago before Columbus discovered America. “Columbus discovered America, but it was first discovered about 500 years ago before, by Leif Ericson and named it Vinland.

5. NEO BLACK MOVEMENT (Black axe confraternity)
This was founded in <>University of Benin in 1984. This cult was formed as a result of the need to have pure black African group that is original and African. They believe in equality and individual freedom. They often display a great loyalty to one another, and it is often run in a typical African way of doing things. Along the line they deviated just like the foreign established ones, they started engaging in fights for supremacy and these fights started to bring chaos in schools. They are fetish oriented and believe in crude way of doing things that are Un-African. They have their headquarters in Benin, and they use dangerous weapons for their attack. This group often appeals to the toughest of the students who believes that black is power. Other groups include:
The Black beret (B.B)
Trojan horse
Temple of Eden
KKK
Osiris
, etc.
All their activities are virtually shredded in an oath-bound secrecy. Those cult groups use different colours for identification of their members. Each of these cults have specific name with which they operate in the bush. They are called bush names.
Example of these bush names are;
Obalende
Utake
Koko
, etc.
Only initiates call their fellow members these names, and it equally function as a guise to the person’s original names, and these bush names acts as a deep cover!

Avoid secret cult and give your life to Jesus Christ for He died for our sins!

ARTICLE TAGS
¤ Cults in Nigeria.
¤ The Mau-Mau cult of East and Central Africa.
¤ Origin of cults in Nigerian campuses.
¤ The origin of secret cults.
¤ The Black Beret.
¤ The Zangbeto cult.
¤ Types of cults in Nigerian Universities.
¤ Types of cults in African Universities.
¤ Cults in Africa.
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As ecleticly edited, formatted and published by 'Ucheonye Nzubechi

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